Programming languages are a fascinating topic: There are thousands of languages in existence today, and new ones emerge all the time. While widely-used, mainstream languages represent a very small percentage of the total, they still give developers an immense range of application-building options.
Java is a compiled, general-purpose, high-level programming language with a focus on Object Oriented Programming. It is the language driving at least 15 billion devices with over 10 million developers worldwide.
Created by Sun Microsystems with code reliability and building platform-independent software solutions in mind, Java is now owned and maintained by Oracle and it is virtually impossible to make any list of programming languages without it.
Java is used for developing Android apps, databases, desktop applications, etc. and virtually holds the record of the #1 go-to language for enterprise systems and development in the cloud.
Its popular slogan is “compile once, run anywhere” and this is with thanks to its Virtual Machine which enables developers to run Java apps on any Operating System with the Java Virtual Machine installed.
Python is an interpreted, general-purpose, high-level, open source programming language used to develop solutions in fields ranging from software development to Biomedical research. Some of its best features include extensive support for modules, easy integration with web services, and a GUI-based application for desktops.
Python is used to develop numerous games e.g. Civilization IV, Toontown, etc., software for creatives e.g. Blender, Autodesk, Inkscape, etc., and scientific research work especially in deep learning applications, statistical analysis, and robotics, to name a few.
PHP stands for PHP Hypertext Preprocessor and it is a general-purpose, high-level, server-side scripting programming language created for web development. It features built-in capabilities for web services, the flawless embedding of server-side code into HTML, and a loosely typed syntax.
PHP has been ridiculed for a few things over the years including the diversity in code quality between PHP developers and its security. The good thing, however, is that PHP developers offer a lot of frameworks (a lot of which are free and open source) which help users to handle difficult issues that they would have otherwise faced down the development lane as well as quicken the development process by smart bootstrapping.
C++ is a high-level general purpose programming language that was created as an extension of the C programming language. Correctly dubbed “C with Classes“, C++ combines the features of C such as low-level memory manipulation with new features such as Inheritance to offer users powerful programming ability and flexibility. It is the core language in video games, web browsers, and too many Operating Systems to count.
Some of C++’s best features include giving users more control of system hardware than other high-level programming languages. And while Java is “compile once and run anywhere”, C++ is “write once and compile anywhere” which means that you can write your code and easily compile it for different systems since its cross-platform compatibility is achieved at the source code level, rather than at the compiled binary code level.
C# (pronounced C sharp) is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language that enables users to work with generic, lexically scoped, declarative, imperative, object-oriented and component-oriented programming disciplines. Like Java, it is strongly typed, works well with databases, and features support for web services.
C# is often thought about as Microsoft’s version of Java with more development tools and has since become the most powerful programming languages in the .NET framework. You need to compile your C# code after making even the smallest of changes but the awesomeness of Visual Studio IDE makes up for that drawback.
TypeScript has a large community backing with an extensive environment for development, a compiler implemented in TypeScript which can be used in any JS host, and a development experience similar to that of C#. Ps. Its source code is hosted on GitHub.
While all the above-mentioned programming languages share features like objects, arrays, built-in types, functions, strings, and operators, they are implemented in unique ways and they have features that are unique to them.
The features unique the computing languages contribute to the reasons why you should choose one over the other depending on the project type you’re working on – but how would you know if you don’t choose a project and start building something?